The ficus tree, commonly known as the fig tree, is a popular decorative and landscaping shrub or tree. This deciduous tree loses leaves in winter, but leaf loss during growing season may indicate a problem.
Under -and overwatering your fig tree can lead to leaf loss. The trick is to not let the soil get too dry or keep it sopping wet. Instead, let the top 2 inches of soil dry before watering again.
Fig trees are sensitive to change. Healthy fig trees lose leaves for several months after being planted or transplanted. Foliage loss slows and finally stops once the tree settles into the new soil. Remove yellow leaves and dry twigs to maximise the tree's exposure to sunlight and promote tree growth.
Fig trees are native to tropical climates where sunshine is plentiful. A fig tree that receives only partial sun, outdoors or indoors, typically experiences yellowing of leaves that then eventually fall off. Place your fig tree where it can receive the maximum amount of sunlight each day.
Leaf loss can indicate a pest problem, such as a mealybug and scales infestation. If you find a concentration of bugs on a certain area of the tree, cut that leaf or branch off before the bugs spread.