Carbon infrared and ceramic infrared heaters are strong choices for a variety of heating needs, including a space heater at home and heating for saunas. Carbon heaters are typically more expensive than ceramic, but offer advantages that make them a viable option.
Ceramic heaters are easy to maintain and don't give off dust or other pollutants. Unlike some traditional heating methods, they don't use an open flame. The heating time is short and the small volume of heating panels is ideal for a one-room space heater.
Ceramic heaters have a surface temperature of over 193 degrees Celsius, so they can be uncomfortable to lean against in heating situations where that position is desirable. For heating saunas, reflectors are used to guide the infrared waves, but this can create areas that are too hot or too cold.
Carbon heaters use large panels that provide more even heating than other methods. The heat conversion rate from electricity is 98 per cent compared to only 68 per cent for ceramic.
Since carbon panels are relatively large, they are impractical for devices requiring a small surface area. With a surface temperature of below 71.1 degrees Celsius, they do not heat an area as quickly as ceramic.
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