The type of goat bedding you use is important because it can mean the difference between a healthy goat and one with respiratory disease. While hay is the most frequently used type of bedding, other options, such as clay or wood shavings, may help to keep a goat herd drier and healthier.
Hay or Straw
Hay or straw is easy to use and it is inexpensive. However, it does not readily absorb urine, so it should be used on top of gravel or wooden slatted floors. This allows urine to be wicked away from animals so they don't rest on wet bedding.
Clay and Gravel
For animals that live indoors, clay and gravel provides a drier bedding option. Gravel is first laid on the floor, followed by a thick application of clay that is allowed to dry. Hay or straw can then be added on top of the clay if desired. Urine passes through the clay down to the gravel, wicking away the moisture
Wood Shavings and Sawdust
Wood shavings and sawdust may be used as bedding, provided it is used in depths of 2.75 to 4 inches. The top portion of the litter can be raked to remove faeces. When the bedding begins smelling of ammonia, it should be removed and replaced with fresh shavings or sawdust. Softwood shavings and sawdust are the most absorbent.
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