What Constitutes a Breach of Confidentiality in Federal Employment Law?

Written by lesley henton
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What Constitutes a Breach of Confidentiality in Federal Employment Law?
Your employer has a legal obligation to protect your private information, such as medical records. (chart image by Byron Moore from Fotolia.com)

Your employer has a legal duty to protect your personal information. The federal government works to ensure your private information is protected by enforcing laws related to employment confidentiality.


It could be considered a breach of confidentiality if your employer intentionally or accidentally leaks private information about you to a third party or uses it in an unfair manner.

Types of Information

You can expect confidentiality from your employer regarding matters such as medical information, credit and financial information, and education information, according to the Employment Law Information Network. Other confidences include social security numbers, addresses and phone numbers, drug test results and treatment, disclosure of union activity, personal history questionnaires and investigations.

Employer Obligations

Your employer should take appropriate measures to avoid breaching confidentiality including having you sign a confidentiality policy at hiring, so the terms of privacy are understood and agreed upon, according to AllExperts.com. Employers should maintain confidential information in a manner designed to prevent unauthorised access and unfair use.

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