Rose shrubs planted too closely together will grow tall and lanky with few flowers. For this reason, the distance you plant roses from each other is an important factor when planning garden beds. Space bare root and container-grown plant varieties based on the growth type instead of the size of the shrub at planting time.
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Select a rose shrub planting location that has a well-draining soil. Verify the planting location receives a minimum of six hours direct sunlight and is not shaded by tall trees or buildings.
Test the soil pH prior to planting, as rose shrubs grow best in a pH of 5.5 to 7.0. Amend the soil with ground rock sulphur to lower the pH or limestone to raise the pH. Work organic compost to a depth of 10 to 14 inches to increase the soil's nutrient value and water-draining properties.
Space hybrid tea rose varieties a distance of 18 to 30 inches apart, and miniature varieties 12 to 15 inches apart. Climbing roses require room to spread and need 8 to 12 feet of space between each plant. The University of Illinois Extension's rule of thumb for spacing rose shrubs is 24 inches apart.
Dig a planting hole that has a minimum width of 18 inches and depth of 15 inches. Form a mound in the bottom of the hole and spread the roots over top. Gently pack soil around the root to hold the shrub in place.
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