The best time to transplant a peony bush

Written by jennifer loucks
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The best time to transplant a peony bush
Peonies grow best when transplanted in the fall season. (Peony image by Konstantin Stepanov from

The peony is a low-maintenance perennial once it reaches maturity. Peonies produce blooms from late spring through early summer. The green foliage stays attractive through the remainder of the growing season.


Three types of peony plants exist: tree, intersectional and herbaceous. Intersectional and herbaceous peonies grow best in USDA hardiness zones 2 through 9. Tree peonies grow best in zones 4 through 9, if you provide winter protection.

Transplant Location

Transplant the peony to a location that receives a minimum of six hours of full sun to partial shade sunlight. The plants grow well in most soil types that are well-draining and don't pool water around the stems.

Transplant Season

Transplant a peony during the fall season for best results, since the plants have an early bloom season. Peonies do not respond well when disrupted during the spring season.

How to Plant

Transplant the intersectional and herbaceous peonies by digging up the tuber root system and planting them 1 to 2 inches deeper than the main buds. A tree peony grows best as a grafted transplant onto a hardy rootstock and set into the soil 4 to 5 inches below the graft point.

Peony Care

Fertilise peony plants each spring with a 10-10-10 fertiliser once the shoots reach a height of 3 to 4 inches. Place support poles or a cage around the peony to prevent tall stems or heavy blooms from drooping.

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