Spays in the United States usually involve removal of the ovaries and uterus. With this type of surgery, female dogs do not go into heat and avoid the risk of pyometra, a serious uterine infection, according to Mar Vista Animal Medical Center. Early spaying before a first or second heat reduces the risk of mammary cancer.
Veterinarians perform spays as a solo surgery, but also at other times such as during C-sections or surgery for tumours or other disorders or injuries. Recovery time varies depending on the surgery. Care for your dog involves consulting your veterinarian and carefully following special instructions, according to Vetinfo.
Veterinarians use sutures or glue to close the spay incision. According to Mar Vista, additional layers sealed below the skin assist in keeping the incision closed. Preventing her from licking the incision or injuring herself helps improve recovery time.
Your dog needs continued observation during the first two to three days after surgery, according to Vetinfo. Restrict most activity for at least one week, according to Mar Vista. To avoid injury, restrict activities, including running, jumping and active play for approximately two weeks, according to Vetinfo. Most veterinarians assess dogs after two weeks before releasing them for full activity.
Signs of medical problems include redness, swelling or discharge, according to the ASPCA. Contact your veterinarian if the dog exhibits other signs such as a fever, vomiting or diarrhoea or if she refuses to eat or drink.