Caecum cancer is a colorectal cancer that strikes a portion of the colon or large intestine called the caecum. This cancer is caused by abnormal polyps or cells inside a patient’s caecum, which become malignant.
According to the American Cancer Society, the caecum is a small pouch in the beginning of the ascending colon that attaches to the small intestine and the appendix.
Patients with caecum cancer may experience abdominal pain or cramping in the stomach area.
Caecum cancer can cause fatigue, rectal bleeding and changes in bowel habits, such as constipation, diarrhoea or narrowed stools, which persist longer than a few days.
Doctors may perform a colonoscopy to identify growths in the caecum. They may take a biopsy to remove tissue samples and test them for cancer. And they may perform blood tests to identify cancer in the caecum.
Patients with caecum cancer may have a tumour surgically removed and they may receive radiation therapy or chemotherapy to kill cancer cells and keep the cancer from spreading in the body.