Around the world, there are more than 7,500 varieties of apples. Many apples found in the supermarket are picked before they are fully ripe, so that they can be transported without being bruised. Modern varieties of apples are bred to be sweet at an early stage of development. Many apple varieties are much sweeter if left on the tree until full maturity. Fuji, Gala, Honeycrisp, and Pink Lady are among the most popular sweet apple varieties.
The Fuji apple variety originated in Japan. The Fuji apple is yellowish-green with red highlights. The apple reaches its full maturity in late fall. Fuji apples are good right off the tree, in salads, and are considered among the best apples for making applesauce.
The Gala apple was developed in New Zealand. The Gala and the Fuji have replaced the Red Delicious as the most popular apple in the world. The Gala is a medium- to smaller-sized apple with a red and yellow stripe pattern. The Gala apple is ready to eat in late summer to early fall.
The Honeycrisp apple was introduced in Minnesota. It is one of the sweetest apples. The Honeycrisp is a juicy apple, and makes excellent apple juice. Honeycrisp are a good choice for eating fresh and for baking. This apple becomes fully ripe in mid-fall.
The Pink Lady apple is a cross between the Golden Delicious apple and the Lady William apple. Its appearance is a rich, reddish-pink skin with a white flesh. This apple is sweet and crisp. The Pink Lady is an apple with many uses. It's good for eating fresh, and also makes a sweet and smooth applesauce.The Pink Lady is also a good choice for salads and pies. The apple becomes fully ripe in late fall.