A herniated disc can cause symptoms such as pain and muscles weakness in your legs. It can also cause loss of bladder and bowel control. Surgery is one treatment option.
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The vertebrae in your spine are separated and cushioned by soft discs. In a herniated disc, the centre pushes out through the disc's wall and puts pressure on nearby nerves.
One form of surgery for a herniated disc is called a discectomy, during which the damaged disk is removed. Your surgeon can either perform a microdiscectomy with a smaller incision or a traditional procedure. Recovery time after this surgery takes about two weeks.
Spinal fusion can also correct a herniated disc. In this surgery, after removing the damaged disc, your surgeon will fuse two of your vertebrae together using a bone graft and metal rods. Recovery can take four months, although you could return to work in a month if you feel strong enough.
Rehabilitation is an important part of recovering from surgery for a herniated disc. Learning how to sit, stand and lift properly, and wearing a back brace if required, can help you recover completely.
Your recovery time could be longer after herniated disc surgery if you have certain risk factors, including being a smoker or if you are an older adult.
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