What Is Normal Diastolic & Systolic Range Blood Pressure?

Updated July 19, 2017

Measuring blood pressure (BP) actually involves two measurements: systolic BP and diastolic BP. Measurements are made in millimetres of mercury (mmHg). It is important to maintain normal blood pressure in order to avoid heart attack or stroke.

Systolic Versua Diastolic

The systolic measurement is the peak BP your heart reaches as it beats; the diastolic measurement is the low point of BP as your heart relaxes between beats. Overall BP measurements are expressed as the ratio of systolic to diastolic (e.g., 130/70 mmHg).

Normal-Range BP

Normal BP ranges between 90/60 and 140/90 mmHg. Ideal BP is 120/80 mmHg. Even within the normal range, those with higher BP measurements have greater health risks than those with lower ones.

High BP

High BP, also called hypertension, is classified as above 140/90 mmHg. Those with high BP are at risk of heart attack or stroke due to increased strain on the heart, blood vessels or both.

Low BP

Low BP, or hypotension, is classified as 90/60 mm/Hg or lower. Low BP is usually not a concern except in extreme cases, including especially sudden drops in measurements.

Confounding Factors

BP may change significantly over a day, week, or month, depending on mental factors such as stress and anxiety as well as physical factors such as time of day, diet and sleep. This means you should take multiple measurements during the day, a couple of times a month, to determine your average BP.

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About the Author

Justin Higgins has traveled throughout South America. He writes articles that appear on various websites with a focus on travel and science-related topics. Higgins is a graduate from Ithaca College with a Bachelor of Arts in cultural anthropology.