The impact of computers in business

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The impact of computers in business
Workplace computers increase efficiency and change job structures. (Jupiterimages/Comstock/Getty Images)

Computers are used in every industry and type of business today. They come in many different forms and new uses are being developed constantly thanks to evolving technology. While consumers use computers to communicate and entertain, businesses are primarily interested in computer technology as it relates to completing projects and handling specific business activities. From this practical standpoint, computers have had an important impact on nearly every level of business operation.

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Types of Computer Technology

There are several different kinds of computer technology that businesses use. The most common is the personal computer, which employees use to access information and create documents. Computers are also used in peripheral devices like handheld phones or PDAs as well as security systems. Other computers work in most automated settings where employees have little direct interaction with the system unless something goes wrong.

Impact in Service Businesses

Service businesses tend to use personal computers to directly manipulate data. They work to analyse data and create documents, passing data onto other employees when necessary. This is accomplished using business networks that help manage and protect data that can be exchanged between various business departments as needed.

Impact in Manufacturing Industries

Manufacturing industries are more interested in computer analysis and automation. They depend on computer programs to run simulations on production and provide charts that show product development and creation. Engineers use computers to work on the more complex attributes of products, and most manufacturers use computers to automatically control assembly lines and large, increasing safety for workers.

Benefits

All businesses can use computers to quickly analyse data and perform routine accounting procedures. Computer programs can finish these activities much more quickly than employees could, saving businesses valuable time. Computers also follow their code precisely, and if computer programming is correct then computers are always accurate, reducing the possibility of error and waste.

Considerations

While computers are fast, they also make it easy to access business data--sometimes too easy. Computers can make personal information, including financial information, easier for outsiders to access. Computer technology also tends to shift roles in business activities, removing the need for different types of workers while creating the need for those with other skills.

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