Landscape art includes many different types of settings, such as mountains, fields, rivers, seascapes, urbanscapes and more. The basic premise of a landscape art project is to depict a setting as the main focal point. Landscapes can be created with a wide variety of materials, including watercolours, tempura paints, oil paints, pencils and crayons. There are many landscape art projects available, no matter if you're doing them for personal pleasure or as an art class assignment.
Realistic landscape projects aim to replicate an actual setting as accurately as possible. These are popular art projects done in art classes, as they teach art students how to observe the smallest details in order to recreate them in a drawing or painting. Most people simply take their art materials and easels outdoors and choose a subject. Common subjects include trees, beaches, city skylines and parks.
The Spanish artist, Salvador Dali, was famous for his surreal and abstract landscape paintings. Other artists who use this method include the Australian aborigines and the Fauvists, according to "Art is Fun." The main key in this type of art project is to incorporate symbols into the landscape background. The landscapes can be imaginary locations or real locations with a creative twist. An example of this is using non-traditional colours, such as painting a tree that is purple and pink, rather than green and brown.
Many art teachers assign layered landscape projects to teach their students about shapes, colour, balance and forms. Most of these projects require the students to include a background, middle ground, foreground and horizon. These landscapes may be created from memory or from imagination.
Some landscape art projects are based on photographs. The artist simply uses a photo of a landscape and then recreates it with paints, pencils or colours. The lesson for these artists is to pay attention to detail and learn how to blend and use colours realistically. For example, if the photograph is of a mountain, the student typically must recreate shadows by using a combination of different colours and drawing techniques.
Japanese landscape art projects are a way for teachers to introduce Japanese culture and art techniques to students. Most of these projects use scroll-like paper that has more height than width. Students are instructed to use the basic shapes of circles, squares and triangles to create the landscapes, as well as learn how to incorporate many natural features, such as mountains, streams and light.
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