The U.S. Constitution, U.S. federal laws, state constitutions and state laws all provide significant legal rights for private property owners. Generally, all of those rights are directed toward protecting the property owner's right to privacy, possession and ownership of their property without governmental interference and without interruption from other citizens.
Eminent Domain and Just Compensation
The U.S. Constitution and most state constitutions provide that the government (including federal, state and local governments and their agencies and subdivisions) cannot take private property except for public use, and only if "just compensation" is paid to the property owner. In other words, most of the time, the government cannot just take your property, but in the rare case that it can, it must pay you market value for the property taken.
Right to Due Process of Law
The U.S. Constitution and most state constitutions also require that the government must provide you with notice and a meaningful opportunity to be heard before the government takes any actions that will affect your private property rights. For example, if the government wants to take your property by eminent domain, the government must give you time and an opportunity to explain first why your property should not be taken, and second, if your property is taken, how much your property is worth. This is referred to as the right to due process of law. Due process gives you the opportunity to defend your property rights against government intrusion.
Right to Assemble on Your Property
The U.S. Constitution and most state constitutions guarantee the right to assemble peacefully on your property. This means that if you want to hold a peaceful (meaning non-riotous and non-violent) protest on your property, you can do that any time you want. Along with this right, you have power to decide who is welcome on your property and who is not. Unless you are a public facility (such as a shopping mall), you can limit who is welcome on your property, even if you hold something public in nature like a protest or a public speech.
Freedom from Trespass and Unreasonable Search
The U.S. Constitution and most state constitutions protect your right to privacy on your property. The protections are directed at both private citizens and government entities. For private citizens, the law prohibits other people from entering your property without your permission, and if they do, they are guilty of trespass and may have to pay you damages. Similarly, the law protects you from unreasonable search by the government (the police, FBI, or some other government agency). For example, if law enforcement officers want to search your property they must have either (a) your permission, or (b) probable cause to believe you are guilty of a crime.
The Right to Vote
If you own property you have the indirect right to control the regulation of your property. This indirect right is provided via your right to vote. You have power to vote for your representatives in government, which gives you at least some control over what happens to your property.
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