Signs of a Brain Hemorrhage

Updated April 17, 2017

A brain haemorrhage is a very serious and possibly deadly medical condition. It requires emergency medical attention. Brain haemorrhages can have many different causes, including arteriovenous malformation, head injury, stroke and aneurysm. The condition may go unnoticed at first. However, when bleeding occurs, it can become severe quickly and the person can become incapacitated.


During a brain haemorrhage, headaches can appear suddenly and become quite severe. According to The National Brain Aneurysm Center, if there is bleeding around the brain, it can cause a sudden headache, often referred to as a thunderclap headache because of how quickly it comes on. The headache may become worse with movement or any change in position. The person may even describe the headache as the worst one of his life. The headache can become so bad that it will immobilise the sufferer and he may be unable to get up.

Movement Changes

The frontal lobe is also responsible for movement. A bleed in this area can cause problems with walking and picking up items. The person's coordination may be off, and she may be unable to do simple things such as brush her hair or teeth. This may worsen into an inability to move at all.


Speech is controlled by the frontal lobe of the brain. If an injury or bleeding occurs in this part of the brain, it can cause problems with a person's speech. The National Library of Medicine reports that the person's speech may become garbled. Pronunciation of words may become unclear. The person may be unable to form his words or choose words that do not make sense. This is a profound and noticeable symptom.


The act of swallowing is controlled in the brainstem. If an injury causes a brain haemorrhage, or the bleeding puts pressure on the brainstem, then it can affect a person's swallowing. A person may be unable to swallow at all or she may choke easily. A person with swallowing problems may also drool because of the lack of ability to swallow his saliva. This is commonly found in stroke patients.

Change in Conciousness

When a brain haemorrhage occurs, there may be a change in consciousness. The person may become unresponsive and not respond to painful stimuli. According to The National Library of Medicine, a person may become confused or withdrawn. A person with bleeding in the brain can also become sleepy and lethargic. Any change that is abnormal for the person should be taken seriously, and medical help should be sought.

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About the Author

Kristie Jernigan is a health writer with over 17 years of experience as a medical social worker. She has worked mainly with the elderly population and with children. She holds a Bachelor of Science in psychology and early childhood from East Tennessee State University and a Master of Science in health care administration and gerontology from the University of Phoenix.