Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and Lyme disease are caused by similar bacteria that can create a variety of symptoms. H. pylori infection primarily affects the gastrointestinal system, whereas Lyme disease is infamous for its wide-ranging symptoms that can imitate a number of other conditions.
Symptoms of H. pylori
H. pylori can cause symptoms affecting the stomach and related components, including nausea, vomiting, bloating, abdominal pain, frequent belching and weight loss.
Symptoms of Lyme Disease
The symptoms of Lyme disease are incredibly varied; soon after infection, signs and symptoms will include a fever and a flu-like illness, as well as the famous "bull's-eye" rash (though the rash does not necessarily appear for all patients). However, if the disease is left untreated, the bacteria can affect all systems of the body and cause symptoms including arthritis, memory loss and cardiovascular problems.
Lyme disease and H. pylori infection are associated with gastritis and can cause symptoms like nausea and vomiting. Also, both conditions can cause more widespread symptoms like depression and fatigue.
H. pylori can be detected using a variety of methods, such as a blood test, breath test or stool test. Lyme disease is more difficult to diagnose; often, a blood test will show a false negative.
H. pylori infection is typically treated with a set of two antibiotics taken over a period of about 14 days. Lyme disease can be very difficult to treat after the initial infection, sometimes requiring long-term intravenous antibiotics.