Weeping willow trees are ornamental trees grown for their gracious beauty and massive root system. These trees have a long hanging leaf system that gives them a melancholy appearance. Because of their root system willow trees are often planted alongside a river or stream. Their root system protects the soil from eroding by holding it in place. China is the home of the weeping willow tree. This beautiful tree has now been cultivated to thrive in many areas of the world including North America. This willow tree can grow up to 70 feet with a branch span that can range about the same.
The aurea weeping willow tree has long pendulous leaves that are yellow to gold in colour. Like other willow trees it loves to be planted in full sun but can grow in shady areas too. However, the aurea will thin itself out if it grows in shade too much. The aurea is a hybrid willow tree that can grow relatively well in most areas of the United States. It thrives in loose porous soil but can die quickly if not given the right amount of drainage.
The crispa is also known by its official name, Salix babylonica. The leaves of this tree are grown in a corkscrew fashion with leaf tendrils that wrap around in a twisted fashion. This variety of the weeping willow is a popular choice as a bonsai tree. Because of this tree's ability to thrive even in very loose soil, it's the perfect candidate to become a miniature version of its larger counterparts.
The proper name for the golden curls willow is the Salix matsudana. The golden curls variety of the weeping willow features an interesting gold-coloured bark. This type of tree can grow very twisted branches and trunk. The leaves of the golden curls tree don't grow as long as other varieties.
The Salix alba is more commonly known by the name white willow. The white willow's leaves are covered with tiny hairs that give it a white appearance. The bark of this tree can vary from grey to brown, however it's the glorious white leaves that give it such a striking appearance. The tree can get about 30 to 50 feet tall and can get very wide. The Salix alba is pollinated by the insects who carry the flower pollen from the male to female trees.
The European crack willow is also known by the name Salix fragilis. The crack willow is smaller than the other weeping willow varieties. It gets its name from its weakness to crack and shed branches close to the trunk. The crack willow is used for reinforcing creek and river banks from erosion and flooding. It can be propagated by taking cuttings from a parent tree. The crack willow has a greyish brown bark with light green leaves. The crack willow has hairy leaves but soon sheds the hair shortly after springtime.