Circuit training is effective for building strength and endurance for track. Track depends more on endurance than strength. However, strength is an important component. Working a circuit training routine gives you the best of both. You can adjust your workouts to focus more on endurance and less on strength, giving you the option to train for your specific sport.
Circuit training has been around for more than 50 years. Conceived in Britain in the 1950s, circuit training is a total body training method designed for the school gymnasium. Intended as a replacement for outside cardio-respiratory exercises during bad weather, it allows a full workout in any climate.
The basic theory behind circuit training for track, as explained in Track and Field News, is a program of initial overall conditioning, slowly shifting emphasis to legwork and the stomach. A session involves circuits of workout stations requiring a set number of repetitions. Each station imposes a demand on a different body area and you get a set time for each area.
A circuit program generally has 10 workout stations. They can consist of one of many different types of exercises, from free weights or cable machines to callisthenic exercises. Each station has a time limit to perform a set number of repetitions. Between each set, you have a few seconds to move to the next. After completing the full circuit of 10 stations, you rest for three minutes. Perform the circuit three times.
The benefits of circuit training for track are an increase in respiratory volume, cardiac strength and endurance. In addition, some circuit exercises do not require the use of a weight room, and the ability to work all muscles and movements utilised by track and field athletes makes circuit training an effective routine for all track training. Moreover, according to Coaches Education, circuit training makes training large groups of athletes more manageable. It allows a larger number of athletes to be active at the same time, making the training session more efficient and less time consuming.
Circuit training is taxing on the circulatory and respiratory system. If you suffer from heart disease, hypertension or any condition that may be aggravated by strenuous exercise, be sure to check with your doctor before beginning. In addition, if you experience dizziness or shortness of breath or severe pain while working out, stop and consult emergency medical professionals. Stay properly hydrated and do not get over heated.
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