Cauterisation is the surgical process of burning of tissues surrounding a wound. This is done with the intention of closing the flesh to allow it to heal and to prevent blood loss. Cauterisation can be done on virtually any part of the body, from the nose to removing gangrene in the toes. For centuries, this process has existed, although in a more rudimentary form than practised today. Today, chemical and electrical cauterisations are widely used. Although these methods are a far cry from the primitive methods physicians used in earlier times, some risk still remains.
Infection is the most common problem that can arise from cauterisation. Wound infection is defined as the presence and spread of bacteria that causes a reaction. The most common agents that cause infections include fungi, viruses, bacteria and protozoa. Infections can happen for any reason ranging from the hygienic conditions in which the cauterisation is performed to the patient's mental, immune and nutritive states. Infections following any kind of surgical procedure, including cauterisation, are a leading cause of morbidity and eventually, mortality. The infection also can be a cause for worry because it could retard the rate and speed of recovery.
To treat infections, which result from the process of cauterisation, a whole new process has to be started. Antibiotics have to be administered after careful identification of the infection because a sudden and uncontrolled rush of antibiotics that is given generically without identification of the causative organism does not serve a curative purpose.
How The Infection is Treated
World Wide Wounds and Drugs.com suggest that the most common approach to treating wound infections is to use iodine. Iodine is an antiseptic that can greatly control the growth of many pathogens. This substance works at the root of the wound and helps check bacterial and fungal growth. Silver is another well-known substance in preventing the spread of infections, according to World Wide Wounds. This substance blocks the transportation route of the bacteria and thus prevents its active spread. Silver ions, when they enter the cells, are toxic to a broad spectrum of fungi and bacteria. This process can be sped up with the use of chemical antimicrobial agents such as sulphadiazine, according to Drugs.com.
Proper provisions also have to be made for draining out the pus from the wound. Additionally, supplementary, but aggravating factors, such as diabetes, smoking and hypertension have to be controlled. The doctor may also suggest taking infection-healing substances such as vitamin C and increasing blood circulation through exercises.