Satin is a thick, glossy and tough fabric popular with prom girls and brides and works well for special occasion apparel and high-end luxury bedding. It is typically manufactured from silk using a special type of weave called the satin weave. This extravagant fabric is made from filament yarns with low twist. Satin differs from silk in its thread count, or the number of threads in a square inch of fabric; satin has a higher thread count---therefore being heavier, fuller and stiffer than silk.
Silk, polyester, acetate, wool and cotton are some of the most popular fabrics woven into satin. Polyester and acetate based satin are commonly used for lower-end, everyday use while silk-based satin is the premiere choice for high-end apparel. It is typically more expensive than other types of satin.
There are various types of satin, including crepe back satin, antique satin, Duchesse satin and slippery satin.
Crepe back satin is a reversible fabric, with lustrous satin on one side and rich crepe texture on the other. It is commonly used in apparel and to make bridal and bridesmaids dresses.
Antique satin is typically used in draperies. It is a reversible fabric with high-sheen satin on one side and shantung on the other.
Duchesse satin is used for valances and couture wedding gowns. It is a lustrous, elegant fabric that has a lot of sheen and body.
Slippery satin is a type of smooth satin that is slippery and cool to the touch. It is typically used to make luxurious bedding that remains cool in warm weather. Slippery satin is also used for footwear.
Satin fabric is available in a wide range of colours and hues, ranging from both ends of the colour spectrum.
Wedding gowns are commonly made from satin fabric. Other uses of satin fabric include lingerie, apparel, footwear, upholstery, drapery lining and draperies.
Silk-based and acetate-based satin must only be dry-cleaned or hand washed.
The fabric must be ironed carefully because its special, lustrous surface has a tendency to get waterspots.
Working with Satin
Cutting satin may prove difficult if carelessly attempted. The fabric should only be cut with rotary cutters or sharp scissors while it is laid out flat on tissue paper or a sheet.
Sewing the fabric can prove difficult owing to its slippery nature. The fabric must be carefully fed under the needle of a sewing machine to ensure that its seam or hem remains straight.
- "Textiles"; Sara J. Kadolph and Anna L. Langford; 1998
- "Fabric Glossary"; Mary Humphries; 2008
- "Sew Any Fabric: A Quick Reference Guide to Fabrics from A to Z "; Claire Shaeffer; 2003