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How to Make Celtic Designs

Updated April 17, 2017

Celtic designs are part of an ancient art form that originated in the north of England and Ireland. Traditionally used to design ornaments, buildings, crosses and jewellery, Celtic designs have made their way back into popular culture. Celtic designs and patterns consist of weaving and interlinking your fabric or drawing. Whether you intend to design your own Celtic-inspired ring or an elaborate headstone, practice sketching your designs on paper and understanding the weave pattern before you attempt to put your Celtic designs into practice.

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  1. Research Celtic designs online and grasp inspiration. Investigate the different types of weaving pattern used in the Celtic design and explore the different designs that can be accompanied by Celtic pattern.

  2. Work to understand the Celtic weave pattern. Pick up your pencil and a piece of paper. Using a ruler, sketch a 10-inch by 10-inch square grid. The lines should be vertically and horizontally symmetrical.

  3. Sketch straight diagonal lines across the grid. Sketch the lines coming down from the centre of each square on the top line and farthest left-hand side line. Draw a bubbly curved line along each line of the outer squares. Inside of the square you need to create break lines, which is what starts the creation of your Celtic pattern. Draw four straight red lines that resemble the tips of a cross.

  4. Follow the diagonal lines inside the grip until you reach your red line break. When you reach your red line, add a curved line around the point and continue the diagonal line in the opposite direction. Continue following all the diagonal lines within your grid and completing their shape by incorporating the bumpy lines. Adding these curves completes the path of the design. Draw over your lines with a darker shade of pencil. Erase all of the grid lines and excess lines that you have not used.

  5. Draw a line all the way around your design and inside the little holes of the pattern. This new line will create an entirely different Celtic design. Erase your first Celtic design lines and leave the new ones and you will have created a slimmer more complex pattern.

  6. Complete your design by drawing in the over/under design. Start anywhere in your design and follow one line and decide its route. The first weave must be shown going over, so keep the lines that cross the underneath line but when you reach the second line, erase it.

  7. Analyse the different stages of your Celtic designs. Choose one of the designs and design a Celtic cross, headstone or piece of jewellery. Now that you know the elements of how to construct a Celtic design, pick up a piece of fabric and practice the weaving method.

  8. Tip

    When making Celtic designs, it is best to draw out your design first and then attempt to use a piece of fabric to create the weaving pattern. Sketch objects that you can apply your design to and experiment with working your design into complicated and uneven shapes.

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Things You'll Need

  • Paper
  • HB pencil
  • Ruler
  • Red pen
  • 3B pencil
  • Eraser

About the Author

Lauren Pringle has been writing professionally since 2007. She has worked as a freelance journalist for "ThreeWeeks," "Andovar" and "WhatsUpBuenosAires," and as a professional copywriter for DSGi International. She graduated from the University of Sussex with a B.A. in English literature and theater.

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