How to paint over polyurethane woodwork

Wood planks as background image by Lucy Cherniak from Fotolia.com

You can paint over a surface of polyurethane varnish if you prepare it properly. Polyurethane is typically hard, durable and glossy, and it is these qualities that make a finish vulnerable to chips and flaking. You don't have to remove all the varnish before you start painting. Preparation will pay off in the long run by providing a long-lasting finish.

Clean the surface with a cloth dampened with white spirit. Fill chips, holes or other damage with wood filler.

Sand the surface with fine-grade sandpaper. Wear a protective face mask; dust from polyurethane varnish is toxic. Roughen the surface enough so the paint will adhere to it. Remove dust with a clean cloth and white spirit. Alternatively, use a liquid sandpaper that will dissolve the gloss surface of the varnish. Follow the manufacturer's directions.

Apply a coat of primer to the wood. Don't skip this step; primer provides the proper surface to which a topcoat will adhere; it also disguises areas of filler. Allow to dry overnight.

Paint on the first application of a topcoat. Let it dry overnight, then lightly sand and wipe the surface with a clean cloth and white spirit.

Apply the second coat of topcoat. Allow the surface to cure for 72 hours before handling it or placing objects upon it.

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