How to build a garage with a flat roof

schöne garage image by fotoflash from

The advantages of a flat roof garage are its efficient use of urban space, control of water flow to the drainage system and its inexpensive costs. A flat roof garage built with joists span the gap between two walls. "I-Joist" wood beams, shaped like the capital letter "I," add strength to the garage and roof top. They provide additional firmness needed to withstand the pull of the garage doors over time as they open and close. Building a flat roof that will not leak requires a solid plan and sealing the roof top with a glue-down rubber membrane system.

flooring of a wooden roof image by Ivan Hafizov from

Install a concrete slab for your garage. Follow building regs. After cured, start framing the walls. Measure the slab and cut treated 5 by 10 cm (2 by 4 inch) boards to make bottom, or sill plate. Anchor down the sill plate to slab with bolts 30 cm (12 inches) from the cut. Your starting wall is the full width of the slab foundation. The side walls overlap the ends of the first wall. Assemble starting wall on the ground and move it aside.

plan of a flat image by forca from

Build the lower ledger wall, the horizontal piece of timber, at the back end of garage. The opposite wall will have the higher ledge. Build the side walls. After the two side walls are built, lift the first wall onto the anchor bolts, hold in place and thread the washers and nuts on the bolts. Continue process with the rest of walls. Nail both walls together with 8.9 cm (16d) nails at the corners and match up the edges. Stand on the ladder and add a corner brace across the two top plates.

construction ,measuring image by Greg Pickens from

Sheath the outside walls. Nail in plywood every six to eight inches on interior studs with 6.5 cm (8d) nails in the nail gun. Measure and cut wood hangers for your roof. Mount hangers on two opposite walls, at 40 cm (16 inches), or 60 cm (24 inches) if using 5 by 15 cm (2 by 6 inch) wooden beams. Timber beams must be inserted between the joists at least at 60 cm (24 inches) to avoid twists in the joists. Measure pitch with level, cover with plywood and nail down.

Dachrinne image by crossgolfing from

Use a gutter at the rear overhang if you have a slight pitch. Any pitch over 10 degrees may have to dispose of rainwater. Sagged joists allow rainwater to pool at low points in roof, so install a roof drain. Cut out a 15 by 30 cm (6 by 12 inch) drain spout hole in the roof's plywood. Around the drain hole, wrap up the metal flashing, edging and diverters. Run aluminium piping down to drain.

Lay down the roofing underlayment on the top of the roof. Screw down underlayment into plywood. Dry fit the roofing for size. Once it fits, glue down the rubber. Finish the edges and use economical panel-siding to match house or other buildings in area.

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