How to stain pine furniture

pine night stand image by James Phelps from Fotolia.com

Unfinished pine furniture is less expensive than the already stained kind. When you purchase unfinished pine furniture, you can have the satisfaction and pride of finishing what could become an heirloom piece of furniture because pine furniture can last more than 200 years. Pine is a somewhat difficult wood to stain due to the softness of the wood, but as long as you work carefully, you will end up with a beautiful piece of furniture.

Sand the pine piece, beginning with the 120-grit paper, then the 220 grit and finally with the 320 grit. Always sand with the grain, not across it or in round strokes. Wrap the sand paper around the sanding block for large flat surfaces.

Wipe off the sanding dust with a dry rag.

Apply a thin coating of shellac to the pine piece, paying special attention to any knots or whorls in the wood. Allow to dry overnight.

Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for applying the stain. In general, you will apply the stain with the paint brush, working from the top of the piece to the bottom and with the wood grain. Let it absorb, and wipe off the excess.

Stain and wipe one shelf, side or drawer of the piece at a time. This helps the stain to soak in evenly across the piece.

Let the pine piece dry overnight.

Sand the piece gently with 320-grit sandpaper.

Apply a second coat in the same manner. You may repeat two or three times to achieve the desired effect.

Apply the gloss polyurethane according to the manufacturer’s directions. In general, apply a thin coat of the polyurethane, let it dry overnight and gently sand the finish with 320-grit sandpaper.

Apply the satin polyurethane according to the manufacturer’s directions. In general, apply a thin coat of the polyurethane, let it dry overnight and gently sand the finish with 320-grit sandpaper.

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