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How to make a solar-powered fan

Updated July 20, 2017

Solar panels convert energy from the sun using wafer-based silicon to produce electricity. Making a solar fan is ideal for cooling a garage, hot attic, recreational vehicle or any other small-sized space–wherever you need to feel a breeze. Alternatively, you can customise the system as your needs grow to add more panels and a bigger fan. All the fan parts can be bought from your local electronics store.

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  1. Connect the red (positive) wire on the 12-volt fan to the positive side on the capacitor and to the red (positive) wire on the panel by soldering each connection point.

  2. Connect the black (negative) wire on the 12-volt fan to the negative side on the capacitor and to the black (negative) wire on the panel by soldering each connection point. The solar panel will power the fan, and any extra power will be temporarily stored in the capacitor, like a small battery. When there is a shadow over the panel, the stored power in the capacitor keeps the fan going.

  3. Cut a hole in the lid and base of the box with a hand or jigsaw the size of the fan. Any enclosure can be used.

  4. Align the fan in the opening, hot-glue it around all sides and then hot-glue the capacitor next to the fan.

  5. Warning

    Always wear eye protection when soldering

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Things You'll Need

  • 6-watt, 12-volt solar panel
  • Circuit box or any enclosure
  • 12-volt, 0.25A computer fan
  • Large 25-volt capacitor
  • Wire
  • Solder
  • Soldering iron
  • Hot glue gun
  • Hand or jigsaw
  • Protective eye wear

About the Author

Scott E Mann
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