A thermal burn is any kind of burn that results from heat or fire. Of all the types of burn injuries, these are the most common. Household thermal burns often occur in the kitchen and one of the frequent culprits is hot oil. Hot oil can be spilt or splashed on your hand while cooking, resulting in an oil burn. An oil burn can be mild or severe, depending on how much oil hits your skin and how hot it is. In any case, you must perform the following first aid steps to treat the burn injury on your hand.
Remove any rings, bracelets or watches. They may have been splashed with the hot oil and continue to burn you. Avoid spreading the hot oil to other areas of your skin.
Flush your burn with cool water immediately to remove the hot oil residue from your skin. Continue to flush the skin for about 15 minutes. You may have to flush the hand burn for longer if the oil burn has not cooled.
Fashion a cool compress by soaking a clean cloth in cool water and wringing it out until it is damp. Then apply the cool compress to your hand burn. This will soothe some of the pain from the oil burn. Keep the burn injury moist by gently applying burn cream or lotion to the burn injury.
Wrap your hand burn in a clean bandage or cloth to prevent further irritation and injury.
Take an over-the-counter pain medication if you feel pain or aches from your oil burn.
Try not to use or move the hand that has the burn injury. The more rest it receives, the faster it will heal. Irritating your hand burn may lead to infection and complications.
A minor oil burn can be treated at home. However, if your hand burn covers a large area or affects more than one skin layer, it may be a more severe injury. See a medical professional to have your hand burn evaluated.