Acute myeloid leukaemia is also known as AML, and it is a form of cancer. This condition affects the myeloid blood cells in the bone marrow. Platelets, white cells and red blood cells make up myeloid cells. AML can occur at any age, but most commonly affects those over the age of 40, with males being affected more often than females. The symptoms of AML may include anaemia, bruising, fatigue, bleeding from the gums, repeated infections and fever.The cause of this condition is unknown, and the prognosis depends largely on the overall health of the patient.
People who suffer from AML may develop internal bleeding or hemorrhaging in the final stages of the disease. This is caused by the inability of the blood to clot, because AML patients have a decrease in the number of blood platelets circulating in the blood. These blood platelets allow the blood to clot. According to Cancer Answers.com, this is known as thrombocytopenia and it can cause internal bleeding, bleeding of the gums and excessive bruising.
Patients who are diagnosed with AML may receive chemotherapy treatments to eliminate the disease. According to llresearch.org, most patients will receive a first remission with chemotherapy. However, patients who are in the poorest risk group for AML, such as elderly people with pre-existing medical conditions, may experience a relapse of symptoms. These patients will most likely die if not treated with a stem cell transplant. Even with the transplant, patients who relapse from AML still have a poor prognosis for long term survival.
AML can metastasise to other areas of the body, such as the brain. This may occur in the final stage of the disease. Metastes to the brain may produce neurological symptoms such as severe headaches, seizures, blurry vision, weakness, vomiting and balance problems. Leukaemia cells often spread to the patient's gums, causing severe bleeding and pain. According to natural-disease-solutions.com, AML is often fatal because complications may occur from the diseased cells spreading to other organs.