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What is femoral neck osteopenia?

Updated February 21, 2017

Femoral neck osteopenia is a loss of bone mass in the area of the thigh bone called the femoral neck.

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Femoral Neck

The femur (thigh bone) has a large, ball-like surface that fits into the hip socket and a short femoral neck that leads to the long shaft of the bone. Bone density tests often use the femoral neck as a testing place.


Osteopenia is loss of bone mass that is not severe enough to be considered osteoporosis.

Bone Density Tests

Bone density tests provide a result known as a T-score. A score greater than -1 is normal bone. A T-score between -1 and -2.5 is osteopenia, and a score less than -2.5 is osteoporosis.


You can have one T-score at the femoral neck, another at the hip bone and another at the spine, so discussing your test results with your doctor is important to determine your best course of action.

Expert Insight

According to the University of Washington, T-score by itself does not predict fractures, and osteopenia is a description of bone mass, not a disease.

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About the Author

Carol Wiley

Carol Wiley started writing as a technical writer/editor in 1990, was a licensed massage therapist for almost 12 years and has been writing Web content since 2003. She has a Bachelor of Science in aerospace engineering, a Master of Business Administration, a Certificate in Technical Writing and Editing and a Certificate in Massage Therapy.

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