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What Type of Soil Does a Beech Tree Need?

Updated February 21, 2017

Beech trees are a popular tree option for homeowners, especially those who live in mild climates and are looking for a medium growth tree that can add beauty throughout the year. The beech tree is known for its greyish bark and its beautiful foliage that changes into brilliant colours during the fall season. Choosing the proper place for the beech tree is very important, since the trees can be delicate and thrive most easily with proper care and the right conditions of soil and sun.

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The beech tree does best in well-drained soil. This means that water passes easily through the soil, but does not avoid it or stay too long. In soil that is constantly damp the beech tree may develop diseases more easily than other water-loving trees and will not grow as effectively. Beech trees are very sensitive to dry soil and will quickly show the effects of drought. Choosing a location on a hillside or high ground where rain first falls before flowing downward will help the beech flourish.


The beech tree enjoys fertilisers designed for deciduous trees, but growers should not use pure fertiliser when planting. Instead, the hole dug for the tree should be partially filled with fertiliser, then mixed in with the local soil until the mixture is roughly half and half. This will ensure the beech tree becomes used to local conditions while growing easily when first planted.

pH Level

Beech trees prefer to grow in acidic soils. This means that the soil has mineral elements that preserve acidic qualities rather than neutralising them. Well-drained soils are commonly more acidic than not, which can help solve any alkaline problems. Soil that has been mixed with lime may not be well-suited for the beech.

General Soil Types

Generally, loamy or sandy soils are preferable for growing beech trees. Silty soils that are moist while also draining efficiently are prime locations. Chalky soils are a common example of prime growing conditions, but many other types of soil may also be suitable.

General Conditions

There are many varieties of beech trees. Homeowners should look up their beech tree in tree manuals or ask the advice of the nursery they buy the tree from for more information on growing conditions. Some beech trees do very well in full sunlight, while other will burn easily and need more shade.

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About the Author

Tyler Lacoma has worked as a writer and editor for several years after graduating from George Fox University with a degree in business management and writing/literature. He works on business and technology topics for clients such as Obsessable, EBSCO, Drop.io, The TAC Group, Anaxos, Dynamic Page Solutions and others, specializing in ecology, marketing and modern trends.

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