What foods contain estrogen hormones?

Stockbyte/Stockbyte/Getty Images

Foods that contain phytoestrogens include soy foods such as tofu, soy milk, tempeh and soy protein powder. Other foods have oestrogenic effects, meaning that the body can "mistake" them for oestrogen: fennel seed and cinnamon are two examples.

Women undergoing menopause generally experience declining levels of oestrogen, and this can make their menopausal symptoms worsen. Their doctors might advise them to eat foods that have phytoestrogens to help them boost their overall oestrogen levels.

Overconsumption of isoflavones found in soy foods, however, might increase the risk of cancer in some people. See your doctor first.

Identification of Foods With Phytoestrogens

Foods that have phytoestrogens include all soy foods made from soya beans: soy milk, commercial soy desserts, tofu curd, soy powder protein, tempeh and "mock" hamburgers and hot dogs made from soybeans.

Other oestrogenic foods include alfalfa, apples, beets, carrots, cherries, chickpeas, citrus fruits, black-eyed peas, eggs, cinnamon, celery, dairy foods, eggs, fennel seed, flax seeds, garlic, potatoes, wheat, yams, pomegranates, red beans, sunflower seeds, tomatoes and sage.

Significance of Foods Comtaining Phytoestrogens

While men and children can benefit from eating soy foods for its protein and low fat, foods that contain phytoestrogens are normally emphasised for women experiencing menopause: They need more oestrogen.

Generally, menopausal women undergo some kind of hormone testing to determine if they need more oestrogen--of which there are three types--or another hormone.

There is something called oestrogen disrupters or xenoestrogens, where different elements in the environment can act like "false estrogens" and be absorbed by the body. The result is a woman who still has a menstrual cycle may be prompted from her exposure to these xenoestrogens to have a second cycle even though she already had one less than four weeks prior.

If you are in menopause, ask your doctor if you should include more of the foods listed above to increase your level of oestrogen.

Features of Estrogenic Foods

Soy foods were once quite bland and not very palatable: Today, that is not the case. Chocolate soy milk or spicy soy sausage links can be purchased in most health food stores. Women who are on a restricted calorie diet will find that 85.1gr. of soy has only 70 calories per ounce and 7g of protein, similar to an egg and about 23 mg of isoflavones, the dominant type of phytoestrogens.

Chinese herbs such as red clover, black cohosh and dong quai may provide isoflavones, and that is why these herbs are featured prominently in PMS and menopausal supplements.

Considerations When Eating Estrogenic Foods

Do not self-diagnose. If you are perimenopausal or in menopause, have your hormone levels tested. Not all women need to add oestrogenic foods to their diets: Some women may have too much oestrogen and be low in progesterone instead.

A saliva home test or an in-office blood test performed by a doctor will provide the information you need to determine if eating phytoestrogenic foods is appropriate for you.

Eating certain foods will end up deterring the benefits derived from eating soy foods. Consuming broccoli, cabbage, berries, buckwheat, citrus fruits, corn, figs, green grapes, millet and white flour is believed to make it hard to absorb the isoflavones you desire.

Women with oestrogen-fed cancers should consult health care providers and nutritionist in regards to oestrogenic foods and other nutritional and diet issues.

Misconceptions of Estrogenic foods

Soy foods have been consumed by men and women for millennia. Some men may fear that eating soy foods will boost their oestrogen levels and "feminize" them. Generally, this is not a genuine risk for men as they produce such large amounts of testosterone.

There is a risk for cancer if you overconsume soy foods: One study in 1999 showed that consuming only two servings of a soy-based protein powder providing 45 mg of soy isofavones a day could increase cell growth in women's breast tissues.