Felting is the art of turning wool into dense cloth, and it may be the oldest known method known for making fabric. The three types of felting include commercial felting, needle felting and wet felting. Crocheted and knitted articles are ideal for wet felting since any mistakes made while knitting or crocheting become invisible as the errors are hidden after they have been felted. You can recycle wool garments that are no longer in use; felt them and turn them into scarves, purses and hats.
Test the yarn to be felted for any shrinkage that may occur during the process and adjust the pattern accordingly.
Fill the washing machine with hot water and add some mild detergent. Detergent helps speed the felting process.
Put the item to be felted into a pillowcase. Use a rubber band to secure the top of the pillowcase to contain any shedding.
Add the pillowcase and a pair of jeans to the washing machine. The jeans provide more agitation and help the item felt more quickly.
Let the washing machine agitate for 10 minutes. After 10 minutes, check the item to see if it has felted to the desired texture; if not, place the item back in the washing machine and let it agitate for 10 minutes longer. After it has reached the desired size and softness, remove it from the washing machine.
Squeeze the water from the item and hand-rinse in cold water.
Place a clean towel on a tabletop or another hard surface. Put the felted item on top of the towel. Keep the item out of direct sunlight or heat. Drying may take a few days.
Add any finishing touches after the felted piece has dried.
For drying a hat, find a bowl the same size as the hat size desired. Wrap the bowl in a clean plastic bag and place the crown of the hat on the bowl and straighten.