The knee is the largest joint in the human body, and endures a great deal of stress. It is designed to twist, bend, rotate, and straighten, while maintaining the load of the body and whatever else the body is supporting. Because of all the pressure and strain, it is not uncommon for the knee to be injured. The most common side effect of this, besides pain, is swelling, also called water or fluid on the knee. Knowing some basic home remedies to treat this can be very helpful.
Begin by elevating the leg so that the knee is above hip level, and apply ice to it. Make sure you put a towel or cloth between your flesh and the ice or cold pack, as frostbite can result. The cold is a huge factor in reducing swelling, and thereby reducing fluid build-up. Apply the ice for 20 minutes at a time, then allow the skin to warm for about 5 minutes, then reapply the ice. Do this for around an hour, then take a break, then apply again. Pretty much when you are seated, or off the leg, you should have it elevated and be icing it.
Use a Compression Wrap
You should wrap the swollen knee in a compression bandage until the swelling fades. This does two things to help. It supports the knee joint while the injury is healing, and the compression reduces the swelling and improves circulation. It is important to wrap the joint tightly enough to support it, but not so tightly that circulation is hindered. Check with a medical professional if you are not sure how tight to wrap it.
Take an NSAID
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs are the best choice you have to help you with the pain and swelling that accompanies minor knee injuries. These are drugs such as Ibuprofen, Tylenol, Aspirin, and Naproxen. They are designed to reduce pain and swelling of stiff joints, and are the perfect choice for home help with fluid above the knee. Check with your doctor concerning dosing and side effect information.