Maintaining the finish and shine of parquet floors depends on simple techniques that will help protect, clean and repair your floors from spills, scratches and movement. Find out the type of finish you have on your parquet floors to provide the appropriate treatment. Older parquet floors typically have finishes of varnish, shellac or lacquer, whereas newer floors are finished with polyurethane. Daily upkeep with the proper materials is the basis of treating your hardwoods.
Keep sharp objects such as high heels, pet nails, toys and furniture from creating scratches and scuffs. Move furniture using fabric glides, and use felt pads under furniture legs to prevent gouging in your hardwoods. Place area rugs and entrance rugs in high-traffic areas to protect your floors from everyday wear and tear. Keep your indoor humidity levels 40 per cent to 60 per cent. Use a dehumidifier during summer months and a humidifier during winter months to reduce the expansion and contraction of your floors. Movement causes uneven floors and bumps.
Turn your vacuum on to the hard floor setting, or use an attachment if your vacuum does not have a hard floor setting. Do not use a vacuum or attachment with a rotating brush as the moving bristles are abrasive and can scratch floors. Vacuum your parquet floors to remove, dirt, sand and dust from the surface. Use a soft bristle broom or padded broom to remove any remaining grime. Mop your parquet floors with a sponge mop and gentle cleaner containing nutrients that are recommended for hardwoods. Avoid using water to mop your wood floors, as stagnant water can cause water stains and warp wood. Clean up spills with a damp, soft cloth. Untreated spills will turn into stains and discolourations, detracting from the beauty of your floor.
Use a soft cloth or non-abrasive sponge and a gentle household cleaner to spot clean scuffs. Sand light scratches with fine-grit sandpaper. Remove all dust from the area with a vacuum. Use a tack cloth to remove any small particles. Spray a light coat of polyurethane over the sanded scratch. Mark off this area of your parquet floors from household traffic, and allow it to dry. Use a wax stick to fill in deeper gouges. Employ a stain marker close to the stain finish of your floors to blend in visible scratches that can't be buffed out.