Viburnum tinus is a dense, evergreen shrub native of the Mediterranean area. Its dark-green glossy leaves are oblong and pointed. Viburnum tinus flowers in the early spring with white to pink coloured blossoms. The flattened flower heads are strongly fragrant and attractive to butterflies. Later, blue-black berries form that attract birds as a food source. Viburnum tinus can tolerate a coastal environment and summer drought. The shrub prefers moist, well draining soil. Given the right conditions, it grows to 6 to 12 feet tall and spreads 6 to 10 feet wide.
Viburnum tinus has upright, dense foliage. It makes a good shrub background, barrier or screen in landscaped yards. It also works as a hedge or a border in a garden. It does not require large areas to grow so it can be placed into any space. Its strong stems keep the shrub upright so it works well in a container. Viburnum tinus looks good as a garden accent and adjusts well to clipping. If Viburnum tinus shrubs are planted 3 to 4 feet apart, they will grow into a mass planting in any landscape.
Viburnum tinus does the best when it is planted in the early fall or spring. It likes well-drained and evenly moist soil around its roots. Short dry spells will normally not kill it off. It is one of the shrubs that does well in an alkaline soil. It thrives in sunny and semi-shady areas. The best fall colour appears on plants growing in the full sun. If it is left unclipped, it will grow to a large size. Even though Viburnum tinus prefers fertile soil, it tolerates poor soil
Viburnum tinus does not need much maintenance. Spread a thick layer of mulch around the base of the shrub to prevent weeds. This also helps keep the roots cool and moist. Water regularly to keep the soil evenly moist. Since it grows slowly, Viburnum tinus does not need a lot of pruning. Pruning is mainly used to keep the growth compacted. If Viburnum tinus is pruned after it blooms, it will remove that season's fruit. To renew Viburnum tinus through pruning, it needs to be done before the new growth starts in the spring. Old and weak stems should be cut back to the ground. This shrub can be pruned and trained to fit into a formal garden arrangement. Viburnum tinus can be pruned into ball, cone or cube shapes.
Pests and Diseases
Viburnum tinus is vulnerable to aphids, thrips, spider mites, nematodes, armoured scales, black vine weevils and woods weevils. Diseases that can infect Viburnum tinus are mildew, leaf spot, root rot, bacterial blight and canker, phytophthora root rot, dematophora root rot, leaf spot disease, powdery mildew and sudden oak death.