Home artificial insemination, also known as alternative insemination, has become a popular practice for many. It has the advantage of being performed in the comfort of a person's home at their leisure and not in the intimidating surroundings of a doctor's office. With proper timing, positioning and paraphernalia, pregnancy can be achieved through at home artificial insemination (AI).
Before attempting AI, you should see a fertility specialist to be sure you do not have any problems that will prevent you from becoming pregnant or having a healthy pregnancy. AI can be expensive, and if the hopeful mom-to-be does not ovulate regularly, then she may need the assistance of a fertility specialist to avoid wasting her financial resources. AI can still be performed at home, but fertility drugs might be necessary to aid the hopeful parent.
Education about the AI process and what needs to be done is very important. A prospective mother should educate herself as much as possible so she knows the failure and success rates. Researching how the procedure is done and finding information on doing it at home can help with planning. Also ask an OB/GYN or fertility specialist for information if one is being seen for pregnancy-related issues.
Make an Insemination Kit
Get an insemination kit together. They can be purchased as kits, or individual items can be purchased. The success of AI is dependent on how the sperm is going to be injected into the woman. A needless syringe or an oral medicine syringe work well for insemination. A soft towel or cloth and pillows will be needed. The pillows will need to be placed so they elevate the hips, and the towel/cloth will catch any liquid that flows out after the injection.
Monitor the Cycle
Monitoring fertile times in the cycle is the single most important aspect to a successful AI. If inseminating when the woman is not fertile, the semen will be wasted. The cycle can be monitored with tracking basal body temperature and/or ovulation kits.
For at least three months before performing the AI process, the hopeful mom-to-be should track her basal body temperature (BBT). Either an old fashioned stick thermometer or a digital basal body temperature thermometer should be used so that the variations in degrees can be monitored. The fluctuations are often in one-hundredths of a degree, and regular thermometers do not report that. This should be performed upon waking, after at least four hours of sleep. The BBT thermometer should be kept within arm's reach of where the woman sleeps along with a notepad or graph chart to record the results.
The three-month period is to determine when ovulation usually occurs. Typically, a woman's BBT will be about the same each day. The day of ovulation, the temperature drops dramatically and then raises. If pregnancy should occur, it is usually when the temperature remains high 16 to 18 days after ovulation. It should be practised for at least a month after a positive pregnancy test.
Doctors can prescribe ovulation kits, or they can be purchased over the counter. The prescribed ones are more expensive, but they have the advantage of being able to use then for more days than the seven days an over-the-counter one provides. The ovulation kit will generally give you a safe three-day window to do the insemination. In general, with sperm from a bank, the insemination should be done within 24 hours of ovulation. The ovulation kit will provide directions on how to determine when actual ovulation occurs.
Not all doctors agree that positioning helps achieve pregnancy, but it can't hurt. Most often it is recommended to lie for 15 to 20 minutes with the hips elevated after an insemination. As with traditional conception, an orgasm is recommended for the inseminated woman, but there is no evidence that having an orgasm affects the chances of pregnancy. Penetration should be avoided.