Prolactin is the hormone responsible for the production of milk in a new mother. Although all women have some level of this hormone in their bodies at any given time, the level increases significantly during pregnancy and after childbirth. However, in some women, the prolactin level becomes elevated even when she is not pregnant. If a woman wishes to become pregnant, this can be a problem since the prolactin can prevent ovulation from occurring and make pregnancy impossible. For these women, it is important that a high prolactin level be identified and treated right away.
Understanding exactly what you are dealing with is the first step to getting pregnant with high prolactin levels. First, you need to determine exactly what your prolactin levels are, which can be determined by a simple blood test at your doctor's office. However, it is important to note that some things, such as being under stress or having a pelvic exam, may cause an artificially high result. Therefore, it is a good idea for the test to be retaken at a later date to confirm that the prolactin level is actually as high as first indicated. If it is confirmed, your doctor will be able to look into why your level is high, discuss treatment options and give you additional suggestions to help you conceive based on your specific situation.
Bromocriptine is one drug that is prescribed as treatment for high prolactin levels. This drug brings prolactin levels down to a normal level so that ovulation can occur and a pregnancy can be achieved. However, it is important to note that Bromocriptine only treats the symptom of the high prolactin level and does not cure what is actually causing the elevated prolactin levels. Therefore, once the drug is stopped, the prolactin levels may go back up to their original level. You should also discontinue taking the drug once pregnancy is achieved. If Bromocriptine does not have the desired effect, a similar drug called Cabergoline can also be prescribed.
Once your prolactin levels are low enough, it is important to track ovulation to increase your chances of conception. There are many ways of doing this, but two popular choices include taking your basal body temperature and using that to chart your monthly cycle and using ovulation predictor kits to help pinpoint when ovulation is approaching. Taking special care to time intercourse right before ovulation occurs will increase your chances of getting pregnant.