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Video transcription

Hi, I'm Marci Debman, The Aspiring Gardener, and today we're going to talk about how to prepare soil for planting roses. The first thing you want to do is go out, find the spot that you're going to plant the roses and see what kind of soil you have right now. As you can see by this clod here, a lot of the soil I have is clay. This is pretty tough stuff. It's crumbling a little bit so through the years some of the things I've added have helped but clay soil will come up, you'll pick it up and squeeze it and it will stay in a ball. So if you have that, that's the first thing you'll want to address is you want to amend the soil so it will be loose because roses like loose loam soil like this. So if you don't have this you probably can use some amendments. You'll want to add compost and different things to make it nice and loose so you have good drainage, good air around the roots and it will also absorb moisture and just keep just enough moisture around the roots of your roses. Now the other thing you're going to want to do is make sure that your soil has the right amount of acidity. Now roses like somewhere between 6.5 and maybe 7. You can go as far as maybe 6.0. So you want to have a fairly acid soil, neutral, probably is good enough but a little bit of acid is good for roses. In my area, I have a lot of fir needles. I have a lot of tree debris which tends to be acidic, leaf mold, different things that you can compost around your property will help roses. I can mix this type of thing in with my clay soil and I can take care of two things at the same time. So for me, I'll probably be able to just use something like this. The other way that you can change the acidity is by using fertilizers that tend to be acid already and that will kind of help bring that soil pH to what you need for roses.