Video transcription

Hi, I'm Ali Reynolds with Ali's Organics, and we're going to show you some tips on growing tomatoes today. Probably one of the first things that I want you to know is the difference between determinant tomatoes and indeterminant tomatoes. Now, a determinant tomato is usually a smaller bush like but not necessarily but it will put its tomatoes on all at once and then you'll just sporadically get a few tomatoes. Sometimes it will have a second crop but if they do they're usually inferior, not as big as your first crop. An indeterminant variety is a variety that puts on tomatoes the whole entire growing season. They're usually larger, they need to be staked, you'll get just as many probably out of a determinant if they're producing well but the determinants they just have big bunches all at once so it's nice for canning where the indeterminants gives you the tomatoes throughout the growing season. Now, the first thing that I like to do starting the tomato plant off is to give it some food right at first and so what I do is drench it about an hour before. I plant it in the ground with kelp meal tea. Soak it in good, about one hour before I'm planting in the garden. For our tomatoes we want to have really good soil, compost worked into it. I always put in four to six inches of compost in every year when I'm putting in a new bed. I do my own mix. I do bone meal. I do a neem seed meal and I do a green sand. That gives me my nitrogen, my phosphorus and my potassium and I just mix equal parts and I just make a mixture for fertilizer. Alright I'm going to dig a trench. I'm going to sprinkle a couple of tablespoons in this trench of the mixture that we just made, mix it in with the soil. Then I'm going to take the plant that I soaked with kelp meal tea about an hour ago and I want to lay him on his side. I'm going to make a little bit of a pillow for his neck right here. You want to make sure that root system is covered. He's going to go straight up. Give him by the end of the day and you'll see him growing straight up as nature intended him to. It's just a good way to get more root system for that tomato. I will water it in well and I can use, I can use a tomato cage but this one is an indeterminant variety so it's going to get bigger so I can even go to stakes. I can use a large stake here. You want to stake that in, make sure it's in there good and sturdy. You could actually use one on each side to give it more strength. This is a Velcro strap and that's just a good way to wrap around there really easy to secure it. You can also use Vinyl to help it and some other things that you can do is use a drip tape that way your water goes directly to the root system and it doesn't get the leaves. A lot of times you'll have bacteria in the soil and when it bounces back up it will cause blight problems so we want to not do that very often. We definitely want to have a drip line here instead. Now some other things that we need to do is fertilize this little guy, especially if you're in a hot climate it uses fertilizes up a lot faster. What i like to do when these guys are bigger, and I'll actually fertilize every three weeks. I'll create a circle or a band around this guy and I'll take that fertilize that we made and I'll just sprinkle a little bit around there, cover it back up. This will feed it for another three weeks and then you can do it again up until it starts to get cold and then you won't need to do it any more. We want to have six to eight hours of sunlight a day, minimum. If you live in a really really hot area, then determinant varieties produce so much better than indeterminant varieties do, especially if you're hitting temperatures of 105, your tomato blossoms will drop at 88 degrees if it stays there for any length of time. Some things that you can do if you live in the heat though is you can use a shade cloth to help, you can plant these where they get afternoon shade. Once it starts to get cold, and your plant gets really tall and you don't have much fruit up top and you do down at the bottom you can actually take the top of that bush out. It will send all that energy into the fruit down below to ripen it before they actually get hit by the frost. So, there's some tips on growing tomatoes.