Video transcription

Hello, I'm Steve Skinner with Kathryn's Garden. Today, I'm going to answer the question of how do I make good garden soil. There are many types of soil, hardy, rocky, clay, etc. but to make a good garden soil requires a balanced mix of texture and nutrients. The main two ingredients needed for a good texture is a little sand and humus or rotten leaves. It's important to get your soil where it will drain, but at the same time will retain some moisture. So, what we have here is some really bad clay churty soil. If we planted in this, we'd have a really hard time getting anything to grow but if we amend this soil with a great deal of humus and sand, we can whip this soil into shape in no time. The first thing we need to do is apply the sand. Sand helps break up the clay into small particles and also helps the soil to drain. You will need to till in the sand thoroughly to help break up the clay. Next, we add rotten leaves which helps to aerate the soil and hold in moisture. A good tilling will also be in order here. You know that you have the right texture when you can squeeze the soil into a ball and it holds together but it also breaks apart easily. Now that we have the right texture, the next thing that we need to do is provide the nutrients. Plants need three main nutrients to thrive, nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. This can be accomplished with a good compost or you can buy an organic fertilizer at your garden center. With a good soil structure and proper nutrients, you are sure to have a great place to plant your favorite vegetables or flowers. This has been Steve Skinner with Kathryn's Garden and this is how you make your own good garden soil.