Bridge cranes and ground cranes both have very specific regulations that are established by OSHA, in addition to the fact that they must follow the manufacturer's requirements. Discover why cranes are never allowed to lift an object over a person with information from an OSHA-authorized trainer in this free video on OSHA overhead crane regulations.
There are various types of overhead cranes. One type that's used a lot in manufacturing is what is called a bridge crane. That's a crane where you may see it moving across the top of a manufacturing facility that'll lift things within a manufacturing facility. The other type is what we might think of as a construction crane or a ground crane that can move on the ground and then has basically a boom or a tower that is used to pick material or other items. Both types of cranes have very specific regulations that are established by OSHA. First of all, again, they must follow manufacturers requirements. All of the cranes have to be properly tested. The people that operate the cranes have to be properly trained. They must know what the capacities of the cranes are and they must know what they are trying to pick up with the crane to make sure that they do not overload the crane by exceeding the capacity. Once they have something suspended from a crane they have to make sure that they don't lift that over somebody so that there's never a chance of something coming loose from the crane, dropping on somebody. The construction cranes actually have a lot more standards related to how they're going to operate on a job site, what they have to do to maintain clearances from other objects, how they may operate in the weather and how they may actually be traveled around a job site. So there's very extensive standards for every type of overhead crane or lifting crane that might be used in any type of facility whether it's a manufacturing and industrial facility or on a construction site.