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Types of Electrical Wiring in Houses

Video transcription

Hi I'm Tim Gipson and I'm going to talk to you about the different types of electrical wiring in your house. Now all your main power comes in through your panel such as this. Now depending on the type of outlets or the type of things that you are powering in your house you have different types of wiring so when you look at large appliances such as your stove, a range, or a dryer that take a lot of electricity you are going to have a larger amperage. For instance your dryers would typically run off of 220 which is a higher voltage that is a 220 volt versus your 110 voltage so a couple of things come into play on your dryer. With a dryer you are going to have a higher amperage circuit breaker so in this case we have got two 30 amp circuit breakers that are running that and you are also going to have a much heavier gage wiring that goes into that so typically that is going to be a 10 gage or a 12 gage wiring so it is a really heavy gage wiring that goes back and has three heavy conductors or four conductors to it. Now the next thing you have is you have your 20 and 15 amp circuits, 20 and 15 amp circuits are what run your lights and you outlets. Your 15 amps are typically going to be in a 14 gage or a 16 gage wiring where your 20 amps are going to be in a 12 gage wiring an the heavier and basically the heavier gage the wiring then the more electricity is able to flow through that circuit. Now as far as other wiring you might find in your house is you might find something like this white wiring which is a low voltage. This is typically a 12 volt system that is used to run low voltage wiring to run your wiring between your smoke detectors and then also wiring for your alarm system and as you can see it is very narrow and it is typically a very light gage such as a 20 or to a 24 gage wiring which is a very thin wiring. So I'm Tim Gipson and that is different types of wiring in your house.

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