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Video transcription

All right. In this clip we're going to teach you to have the general skills necessary to operate a vehicle with a manual transmission. First I wanted to cover what the basic difference is between a manual transmission and an automatic transmission. There's two things you're going to notice. One, to your right hand there's actually going to be a stick shift that you can use for gear selection. Secondly, there's another pedal. The third pedal to the left, or the pedal operated by your left foot is your clutch pedal. What that pedal actually does is it disengages a clutch that actually grabs engine power and translates it back to the transmission that you are using for gear selection. So there's something you kind of gotta balance when you're driving a manual transmission. When you shift, you always have to have your clutch pedal pushed down and engaged to disengage engine power. You want to take away the engine power from the transmission, then select a gear. In this case, we're going to want to get going, so we're going to put the vehicle in first gear. The hard part about driving a manual transmission is learning to balance engine power, or your throttle, from your right foot, to how much you're letting out with your left foot, which is the clutch. So you're going to slowly pull your left foot out to allow that power transfer to engage to the transmission. If you let out too swiftly, you're going to either peel out or burn the tires out, or you're just going to simply stall the engine, 'cause the engine doesn't have enough power to actually get the vehicle going. Getting the vehicle going is the hardest part about manual transmissions. A good exercise to try, while you're learning how to drive a manual transmission, get the car on a slight incline, and learn to just pick about a five foot area that you want to roll up to, roll back from, roll up to, roll up from, and that'll help you to kind of learn a clutch...to power balance. Once you get going, every time you feel the vehicle start to rev up a little more, typical, normal driving for efficiency, you want to shift around two thousand to twenty five hundred RPM, so once you've reached that, you actually push the clutch back down, shift the vehicle to the next gear. In this case, from first to second gear. Once you do that, you want to slowly let the clutch pedal out again and put your foot back down on the throttle to give yourself some more engine power to get going. To give you an idea of a basic rule of thumb shift points on your standard car, it's going to be about zero to fifteen miles an hour you can cruise in first gear. Anywhere from five to twenty five miles an hour you can cruise to second gear. Anywhere from fifteen to thirty five miles an hour you're going to want to be in third gear. From thirty to forty five miles an hour you're going to want to be in fourth gear. And from about forty five miles and hour to about sixty five miles an hour and up, you're going to want to be in fifth gear. Most standard transmissions only have five gears, although there are a few select cars out there with sixth. The difference between those two is your one to one ratio, or your direct drive ratio. In a five speed, fourth gear is always direct drive, meaning that the engine is spinning as fast as the transmission is spinning. In fifth gear, it actually is in overdrive, overdrive meaning that the engine is actually spinning slower than the transmission is spinning. On all under drive gears, first through third in a five speed, is going to be the engine is spinning is faster than the transmission actually is, so they're going to be under driven. That allows you to get more torque, or get the vehicle going faster. In an overdrive situation, it allows the vehicle to not be over revved while still going at a high rate of speed. In a six speed, fifth gear is actually going to be your direct drive, so your one to one gear ratio. And the sixth speed, or the sixth gear is actually going to be your overdrive. No manual transmission has more than one overdrive ratio.