Hi I'm Dr. Greg McDonald and we're going to talk a little bit about animal care today and I wanted to talk a little bit about urinary tract infections in dogs. They are more common in females and what the owners might notice is that the animal is urinating ore frequently with less volume and sometimes with intense urgency if your dog is running around and squatting and squatting and squatting and not very much urine is coming out there is a good chance that you have a urinary tract infection. Because of the anatomy of the dogs the female dogs get them more frequently and so it's very very important to pay attention. I always like to tell my owners that it is important to pay attention to food intake, water intake, water outflow and poop coming out of the animal as far as knowing if your dog is healthy or not. One of the things that your veterinarian is going to want to know to help you make the diagnosis is to get a urinary tract specimen and so bringing a little bit of urine into your dog's doctor will help them make a diagnosis of urinary tract infection. Again this is one of the things that we like to use for the female dogs because again when they are squatting you can scoop this underneath them and catch a little urine and you really only need about that much urine to go in there and that way you can bring that to your veterinarian. It should be brought to your veterinarian fairly quickly if you collect it at night, put it in the refrigerator, bring it to your veterinarian first thing in the morning. The other thing that your veterinarian is going to want to do once you make the diagnosis of a urinary tract infection is possibly change your pet's diet. Dogs should be put on something like c/d. Again based on the urinary tract infection if there are some stones in there or the pH is too high your veterinarian may want a special diet to prevent that from happening again. This is a diet that is made by Hill's that is called c/d and it helps to control stones and urinary tract infections in dogs. Also your veterinarian is going to probably want to put your dog on some antibiotics and there are several ones that we like, Cephalexin is one that is really popular. Another one that's really popular now is a product called Baytril because it has a very wide spectrum and it gets most of the bacteria that is in the bladder. Also your veterinarian may want to do an X-ray. If in the urinary specimen you bring in they see high levels of crystals there is a possibility that your dog has stones and bladder stones in the bladder is common and we have to distinguish between whether your dog has a urinary tract infection or bladder stones.