Hot spots on a dog, or pyotraumatic dermatitis, refers to a disease that dogs get that is partially allergic and partially infectious. Learn about antibiotics that have a steroid an alcohol base that can be used to treat hot spots with help from a veterinarian in this free video on dog health and pyotraumatic dermatitis.
Hello I'm Dr. Greg McDonald, I'm a veterinarian in southern California, I own McDonald Animal Hospital in Santa Barbara. I wanted to talk a little bit about hot spots in dogs. It's actually called pyotraumatic dermatitis. It's a disease that dogs get and it's partly allergic and partly infectious so they get a bacterial infection and then they chew on it and it also they happen to be allergic either to the bacteria or the pollen in the air. Many of you who have dogs have noticed like overnight there's a big raw area on your dog and it's moist and it's red and often times the dogs chew all the hair off. It's extremely irritating to the dog and it's one of those things that needs to be treated. So what we start to do first when we identify a hot spot in a dog is we get a clipper and we go ahead and we clip the hair away from the area. It's very important to get the hair all clipped away from the area because we're going to need to treat it with a topical spray. Then we use a surgical scrub and we scrub the area and then we also get rid of some of the bacteria with an alcohol prep and so then after we get that done, we go ahead and spray on the wound a product called Gentocin Topical Spray. There's several of these on the market that are similar, this one has an antibiotic as well as a steroid and it's in an alcohol base. The alcohol although it stings at first, it does two things, it dries the area and also kind of deaden the nerves so that the animal doesn't feel as irritated later on. We usually treat that twice a day and send that home with the owner. Next we would want to go ahead and treat the allergic part, the allergic part of the process or the hot spot needs to be stopped and we usually use a short term antibiotic. An antibiotic helps to control the infectious part but we also use a steroid in addition to that. This is a steroid we use for it, it's called Vetalog, it's very safe in the dog, it is a anti-inflammatory type of steroid and again it makes the dog drink a little more and urinate a little more but within 72 hours the animal literally stops itching and that allows the hot spot to heal. So in addition to that, we also start an antibiotic and we start the antibiotic by injection so we'll start the antibiotic right away as soon as we identify your animal has a hot spot. Once again we do send home some antibiotics with your dog, those are to be given orally at home over a period of about 10 days.
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