Acidic burps are typically caused by gastro-oseophageal reflux disease (GERD), also known as heartburn. GERD happens when enzymes and stomach acids extract from the stomach and move up the espohagus. If GERD continues untreated it can damage the oesophagus and produce symptoms, like burping. The most common ways to get rid of acidic burps and treat GERD include using medication, consuming specific nutrients and changing your lifestyle.
One of the most common and quickest ways to treat GERD and subsequently get rid of your acidic burps is by using a medication. Three common types of medication used are antacids, H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors. Antacids work by neutralising your stomach acidity and are usually made from aluminium or magnesium hydroxides, calcium carbonate or sodium carbonate. H2 blockers block your stomach from secreting acids by stopping the action of histamine, an organic nitrogen compound that can cause acid secretion. Proton pump inhibitors block the secretion of stomach acid by stopping protons from escaping the inside of stomach parietal cells to the stomach cavity.
Two nutrients help alleviate GERD symptoms, including burping. The first, liquorice extract, helps the mucosal defence mechanism. The lining of the stomach and oesophagus are lined with mucus, which protect both organs and prevent acidic build-up. Liquorice extract promotes the concentration of prostaglandins, which in turn promotes mucous secretion and cell proliferation. The second, radish, works as a digestive aid to empty the stomach faster and prevent the accumulation of acid.
A few changes to your lifestyle can also prevent acidic burps caused by GERD. Reducing your weight can help because obesity applies a great amount of pressure on your abdomen and stomach, which in turn can increase the pressure on your oesophagus and cause reflux. Certain irritating foods, such as garlic, onions, coffee and citrus fruits, can also cause acidic burps, so try monitoring the foods you eat prior to burping and avoid eating those foods. Try eating smaller, but more frequent, meals. Large meals can prevent your lower esophogeal sphincter from relaxing, which can increase the amount of acid secreted.