Volvo launched the 850 in 1992 and produced it until 1996. In 1994, Volvo designed an 850 racing car to compete in the British Touring Car Championship; it raced in this tournament until 1996. The final Volvo 850 race car came in turquoise, red and a grey with black option. It came in saloon and estate models, as well as with manual and automatic transmission. The price remained at £33,550 for all models -- a little over £33,800.
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A five-cylinder engine with 141.5 cubic inches of displacement powers the Volvo 850. The bore of the cylinders is 3.2 inches, and the stroke of the pistons is 3.5 inches. In total, there are 20 valves. The car has options for both manual and automatic transmission. The manual option produces 250 brake horsepower at 5,400rpm and a maximum 258.1 foot-pounds of torque at 5,000rpm. Travelling at 56mph, the car has a fuel consumption of 40.9mpg; at 75mph, this becomes 33.2mpg. With the automatic option, 42.8mpg is consumed at 56mph and 33.6mpg consumed at 75mph, with up to 240 brake horsepower at 5,600rpm and 221.3 foot-pounds of torque at 5,600rpm. The saloon can accelerate from 0 to 60mph in 6.7 seconds using manual transmission. With automatic, this is completed in 7.5 seconds. The estate can achieve this in 6.8 seconds with manual transmission and 7.6 seconds with automatic transmission. The top speed with all options is 155mph.
Inside the Volvo 850 are leather seats, a leather gear knob and a leather steering wheel. The dashboard is either dark walnut or light birch. There is a high armrest and a cup holder. For entertainment, a CD player, radio and cassette player are installed, with a total of eight speakers around the car. In terms of safety, airbags are fitted for the driver's seat, and there are side airbags present. There is also an integrated child seat. Electronic climate control is also equipped, which is a form of air conditioning that automatically finds the desired temperature set by the driver. For those long and tiring drives, cruise control is present in the Volvo 850. The car also has a trip computer. These specifications apply to both the estate and saloon models.
Tires measuring 8.1 inches wide with a sidewall height of 6.1 inches encase 17-inch seven-spoke wheels. There is one spare wheel. The Volvo 850 has a low chassis, a rear spoiler and the sill covers are made from stainless steel. It is equipped with an electric sunroof, electric windows and fog lights at the front. The car is fitted with an anti-lock braking system to prevent the wheels from locking while the Volvo brakes. A traction control system reduces wheelspin and helps with cornering; this is aided by viscous coupling on the manual transmission models. On the Estate 850, the suspension is load compensating.
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