List of Plants That Require Little Water

Written by brenton shields
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List of Plants That Require Little Water
Zinnia is a flowering plant that needs very little water. (Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty Images)

Most plants require specific conditions to grow, with some thriving in sunlight, others living in the shade, some in the cold and some in warmth. A universal trait of nearly all plants, however, is their need for water to aid in photosynthesis, with some plants even spending their entire lives underwater. Some plants --- collectively known as xeric plants --- are not as picky, however, and have developed to the point where they need very little, if any, water to survive.

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Annuals

Annuals are flowering plants that are most active starting in the spring and finally wearing down in the fall. They are typically tolerant of both full and partial sunlight. Owl's clover, Cosmos flowers, Amaranth, Desert Canterbury bells, Zinnia, Clary sage, and Calliopsis are annuals that need very little water.

List of Plants That Require Little Water
Amaranth comes in several varieties. (the amaranth nice flower image by rafalwit from Fotolia.com)

Perennials

Perennials are among the largest group of plants, many of which need little water to thrive. They come in numerous different sizes, colours and shapes and include plants like the Arizona cottontop, Maximilian sunflower, scarlet betony, skeletonleaf goldeneye, red valerian and prickly poppy.

List of Plants That Require Little Water
Perennials come in dozens of different colours and shapes. (pink, red perennial phlox image by Rose Hayes from Fotolia.com)

Trees

Both deciduous and evergreen trees are represented in the list of plants that require little water. Deciduous trees that can stand dry conditions include acacias, paloverde, hackberry, goldenball lead trees, mesquite and choke cherry. Among the evergreen trees are red shanks, blue Manzanita, Arizona cyprus, crucifixion thorn, junipers and various oak trees.

List of Plants That Require Little Water
The branch of a juniper tree. (Utah Juniper image by Carol Hyman from Fotolia.com)

Shrubs

Shrubs are commonly found in desert environments and are able to go incredibly long stretches with very limited water. This long list of plants includes Manzanita, agaves, sagebrushes, daleas, mahoganies, cacti of several different varieties, lavenders, mallows and yuccas.

List of Plants That Require Little Water
Cacti are common desert shrubs. (cacti 22 image by mdb from Fotolia.com)

Grasses

Most of these grasses produce long, thin leaves that can stretch anywhere from 2 to 5 feet high. Some of the more common dry-tolerant grasses include threeawn, sprangletop, plains lovegrass, elymus rye, sideoats, maiden hair grass, deergrass, Indian rice grass, bamboo muhly, alkali sacaton and purple fountain grass.

List of Plants That Require Little Water
Rye requires little water, making it a reliable food source. (The rye image by Daydreamer from Fotolia.com)

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