The original Nissan Patrol was introduced in 1951 as a military vehicle, and like the original Jeeps and Land Rovers, was very simple and austere. The second generation Patrol, the 60 series, was more amenable to drive, but still very utilitarian in nature. It was with the introduction of the third generation 160 series, also known as the MQ, that Nissan upgraded the cab and interior into a comfortable daily driver.
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Years of Production
The Patrol MQ was produced from 1980 through 1985 as the Model 160. The upgraded Model 161 was produced from 1985 through 1987. A cab chassis version was produced from 1990 through 1994.
The Patrol MQ was available as a three-door utility with soft top or hard top, a five-door wagon with hard top, a two-door pickup, a four-door pickup and a cab-chassis. The cab-chassis version was also available as a fire truck.
The MQ had four available engines; two petrol and two diesel.
The L28 petrol inline six-cylinder engine had an overhead cam, a bore of 86mm and a stroke of 79mm for a displacement of 2,753cc. This engine had a compression ratio of 8.6:1 and was rated 88kW at 4,800rpm and 201 Newton-meters of torque at 3,200rpm.
The P40 petrol inline six-cylinder engine had overhead valves, a bore of 85.7mm and a stroke of 114.3mm for a displacement of 3,956cc. This engine had a compression ratio of 7.6 :1 and was rated at 89.5kW at 3,200rpm and 280 Newton-meters at 2,000rpm.
The SD33 diesel inline six-cylinder engine had overhead valves, a bore of 83mm and a stroke of 100mm for a displacement of 3,246cc. This engine had a compression ratio of 20.8:1 and was rated 70kW at 3,600rpm and 215 Newton-meters at 1,800rpm.
The SD33T, a turbocharged version of the SD33 engine, had a compression ratio of 21.6:1 and was rated at 80.9kW at 4,000rpm and 255 Newton-meters at 2,000rpm.
The Patrol MQ was available with a four-speed manual transmission and a three-speed automatic transmission. A five-speed manual transmission was added in 1985 for the diesel versions and in 1986 for the petrol versions.
All versions of the Nissan Patrol MQ utilised straight axles and leaf springs for both front and rear suspension.
The Patrol MQ was equipped with one of two different gear-drive transfer cases to split the torque between the front and rear axles. The two-door and three-door versions had the transfer case bolted to the transmission, while the longer wheelbase versions utilised a divorced-mount transfer case, with a short section of driveshaft connecting it to the transmission.
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