Floating shelves are rather simple, both in construction and mounting procedures. The materials required to mount them consist of a rectangular shelf and installation screws or brackets. When you are mounting your floating shelf, follow basic steps and tips to ensure it does not fall down or permanently damage the wall. Instead, install the floating shelf one step at a time to ensure you are following the proper procedures.
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Prepare the Wall
Before you install the floating shelf on the wall, you must prepare the wall. Determine what items need to go on the floating shelf, as a lighter floating shelf can be installed differently than a heavy floating shelf. Start by locating the wall studs in the wall by placing a wall stud finder on the wall and drag it across until it beeps to indicate a wall stud. Make a mark with a pencil, so you remember where they are. Place a level on the wall and line them up with the pencil marks to ensure that the marks are evenly placed. If they are not, the shelf will hang unevenly.
Install shelving brackets on the wall if the floating shelf will hold heavier items, such as books or electronic devices. Line the shelving bracket up to the wall and mount it, using the marks made with the wall stud finder. Use 3-inch-long screws when you attach the shelving bracket to the wall to ensure the screws reach the wall studs. Once they are secured, place the floating shelf on top of the shelving bracket and attach the shelf to the brackets with small screws and a screwdriver. Ensure that the screws do not go through the floating shelf when attaching it to the brackets.
Use wooden dowels for floating shelves that will not carry much weight. Drill holes in the wall and insert long wooden dowels into the wall. The wooden dowels should stick out from the wall at least 1/2 inch to an inch. Drill 1/2-inch to an inch-long hole in the side of the floating shelf, so the wooden dowel from the wall can be inserted into the shelf. To hang the shelf, push the shelf on to the protruding wooden dowels until the shelf is secure. Only place light items on the shelf, as the wooden dowels cannot hold heavy items.
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