Volkswagen produced the Lupo from 1998 to 2005, when it was replaced by the Fox. The 3L is a special version designed to consume only 3 litres of fuel per 100 kilometres, or one U.S. gallon of fuel per 78 miles. This impressive fuel economy is made possible by its lightweight aluminium and magnesium alloy body, the automatic engine start and stop to avoid idling, its low resistance tires and its battery location.
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The Lupo 3L TDI sports a three-cylinder diesel engine that displaces 72.6 cubic inches. It provides 61 horsepower at 4,000 rotations per minute and 103.3 foot-pounds of torque at 1,800rpm. This motor uses a direct injection fuel system and releases 81 grams of carbon dioxide per kilometre. As its name suggests, it obtains an average fuel economy of 78.4mpg.
With a wheelbase of 91.33 inches, the Lupo 3L TDI measures 138.97 inches long, 63.77 inches wide and 57.48 inches high. The distance between its front tires -- or "front track" -- is 55.9 inches, and its rear track is 55.11 inches. This car clears the ground by 5 inches, and it can hold 4.6 cubic feet of cargo. Its gross weight limit is 2,623.5lbs.
Brakes, Tires and Transmission
In the front, the Lupo 3L TDI uses ventilated disc brakes, and in the rear, it uses drum brakes. All tires are 155/65R14. This car is front-wheel drive with a five-speed automatic transmission.
With a top speed of 102.5mph, this car can accelerate from 0 to 60mph in 14.5 seconds.
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